How do I rezone my land?
What is a rezoning?
have the authority
to regulate, by resolution, a large number of uses and structures (See Ohio
Revised Code Section
519.02) for the purpose of promoting the public’s health, safety, and
morals. (County zoning is defined in ORC 303). Through legislative action, a township creates zones with
corresponding regulations. If a property owner wishes to have the zoning
changed on their land, they make an application to the township to have their
property changed to another zoning designation.
Of the 18 townships within
Delaware County, 15 have their own zoning resolutions. Marlboro, Radnor and Thompson township zoning is administered by
(Contact incorporated areas directly for their process.)
What are the rules?
An application must be obtained
from the township or county zoning authority. The application may require a
development plan depending on the type of rezoning. The township or county
zoning commission places the application on their monthly agenda and
subsequently asks the DCRPC for a recommendation. The DCRPC is required to give a
zoning recommendation to the township zoning commission and trustees.
What is the cost?
The DCRPC does not charge a fee
for "straight" district rezoning, but Planned districts require a
$300 fee directly from the applicant to the RPC. The townships and county zoning authorities do charge fees
(Contact the Township
of County Zoning Officer for more information).
What is the process?
The rezoning process varies in length
depending on the type of zoning and size of the project. A typical zoning
process takes approximately 90 days from beginning to end. Two-step planned
districts, Development Plan amendments, and administrative reviews are unique
to specific projects and it is important that the applicant consult closely
with the local community.
The property owner initiates the rezoning process by submitting an application to the
township zoning officer, who forwards the request to the
DCRPC within 5 days. The DCRPC will place the rezoning on the agenda of its next scheduled
public meeting, where it will review the request and make a recommendation to
the township. The township zoning
commission holds its hearing not less than 20, but not more than 40 days from the date
of the application after the DCRPC’s recommendation. Within 30
days the Zoning Commission notifies the Township Trustees of its action (approval, denial, approval
with conditions). The Trustees hold a public hearing at their next meeting.
Once the Trustees act on the request, there is a 30 day referendum period before
the zoning goes into effect. The full process is graphically shown in one of
the two flowcharts:
for rezonings in townships under County zoning (Marlboro, Radnor,
for rezonings in townships with their own Zoning Resolutions.